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How Livestock Feed Processing Machine Works To Make Pelletized Livestock Feed

How Livestock Feed Processing Machine Works To Make Pelletized Livestock Feed


If you are into livestock farming the term ‘processed feed’ will not sound strange to you.  There are a lot to learn regarding livestock feeds and some of those things you need to know are specified in this post, below are highlighted topics of discussion.


What Is Livestock Feed?

Livestock feed is a processed food meant for livestock irrespective of the categories of the livestock. The term ‘feed’ gives a clear answer to what livestock feed is all about. It is a word that describes processed foods mostly consumed by livestock of all kinds. Having known what feed is all about, let us proceed to discuss other topics relating to livestock feed.


Types Of Livestock Feeds

There are varieties of processed livestock feed, it could be classified in terms of sizes, the physical appearance of its grains, active ingredients/health impact, and the brand name. For example; processed livestock feed could be classified as:

Mashed Livestock Feed

The mashed livestock feed refers to the processed feed that has been milled to powder level. It is very good for the feeding of young livestock such as 1-day old chicks and other young/infant livestock because the small pieces make it easy for the livestock to pick from the feeder.

Pelletized Livestock Feed

Pelletized livestock feed is processed from the mashed feed. It is simply the bonding of the powdered feed into pellets such that it can be easy for bigger livestock to pick the feed from the feeder. Before pelletized feed is made, the mashed powdered feed is processed further to make protruded short pellets. The difference is the size that differentiates their applications in the feeding of livestock.

Based on the above explanation, the ingredient used in making pelletized livestock feed may be just the same as that of mashed/powdered livestock feed or there could be little extra additives to the pelletized feed just to enhance its efficiency on the grown-up livestock.


In terms of health impact/active ingredients, livestock feed could be classified as:

This classification is not really different from the first classification the difference is just the names. For instance:

Starter livestock feed

Starter feed is a term used to describe feeds meant for infant livestock. It is mashed feed in a combined classification. The size is meant for easy picking to the livestock such as birds, rodents, and fish, etc.

Grower Livestock Feed

Grower feed is a semi-mashed feed meant for the intermediary age of the livestock. It bridges the gap between starter and finisher by helping the livestock feeding at their growing stage. The grower feed can as well be a pelletized feed but the size of the pellets is so small for growing livestock to pick it up.

Finisher livestock feed

As the name implies, finisher feed is meant to handle the final growth stage of the livestock. It is a fully pelletized feed meant for fully-grown livestock until the marketing stage or consumption stage.

Why Livestock Feeds Are Processed

Processing of livestock feeds has become a major practice in commercial farming, it serves as a complement to the natural feeding methods and as an option of feeding for restricted/stationed commercial livestock breeding practices.

Processed feed helps farmers to make special feeds to obtain certain qualities from their livestock. Such feed makes it easy to incorporate some nutrients that could aid in certain areas of growth such as strong bones, immune booster, and lots more.

Processing of livestock feed helps to preserve and prevent waste of green plants, crops, and other raw materials used in making feed. Since the raw materials are harvested crops from cultivation farming example is corn, beans, and others, processing such raw materials will help to prevent waste of any of them.


What Is Livestock Feed Processor?

As the name implies, the feed processor is the machine used to process the raw materials into feed. Different companies have their own machine setups. It could be machines installed individually at their various units to carry out varying operations or the machine could be a setup of machines arranged in such a way that feed processing is carried out from a single unit, in that case, a single complex machine set up makes up the entire processing unit of the feed.

A good example of such is the making of pelletized feed in the video below:

 How Livestock Feed Processor Works

Livestock feed processing machine works with the principle of milling & grinding, compression, and extrusion. From the early stage, the feed is processed by milling all the ingredients/raw materials into powder. Besides conveying the milled/ground feed via conveyor belts, the next operation is the pelletizing operation.

The type of feed intended to produce will determine the size of the feed pellets, as the pelletizing machine receives the feed, it will allow it to pass through an enclosed channel where high compressive force is imparted to it thereby forcing the ground feed to pass through small holes at high pressure and temperature to form a long thread of feed which is shortened intermediately by a unit of the machine. The result becomes short pellets of livestock feed.




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