The use of Electric cars has become a global statue for those who fancy the latest technology and the need to save the planet from fossil fuel combustion due to its clean and renewable energy features. Despite its advantages, some people and areas are yet to buy or adopt the use of electric cars due to the following questions such as:
Why Electric Cars?
The question of why you need an electric car had been a big one in the mind of many people. Why should I opt for electric cars when I have IC engines cars? The answer is simple, to adopt modernization, the use of clean & green energy, save ozone layer destruction, and save yourself money for buying fuel or diesel.
Despite the above reasons, using an electric car offers you the opportunity of understanding how much you could save from it and other advantages it offers over the normal internal combustion engine cars.
Do our Conditions support the use of electric cars?
As a new and developing technology, there are conditions that support the use of electric cars which are not yet available globally and across all areas. Such conditions will make it possible for anyone within the area to buy and use an electric car without having difficulty. Consider the availability of smooth roads, availability of sufficient electricity supply, availability of charging stations, availability of maintenance technicians, availability of parts for replacement, and so on.
Obviously, the above question limits the desire to buy an electric car, especially if some or most of the conditions are not available.
What are Types of Electric Cars?
There are basically three types of electric cars which are: Chargeable Full Electric car, Chargeable Semi-Electric car (Hybrid), Non-chargeable Semi-Electric Car (Hybrid).
Chargeable Full Electric Car: This is the most modern and fully electric vehicle that depends solely on rechargeable batteries. The car gets recharged at charging stations after traveling or covering a specified mile from the full charge obtained from the battery. The distance to be covered by the electric car depends on the battery capacity as well as few other factors. This model of the electric car has been produced in many developed countries where it can operate effectively.
Chargeable Semi-Electric car (Hybrid: As the name implies, this is a combination of electric drive and internal combustion engine drive. The electric car can be charged at charging stations and it has the full features of the full-electric car. However, to add to its strength and areas of coverage where charging stations are not available. With a press of a button, the car can switch to either electric drive or IC engine drive. The advantage of this is wider distance coverage even when there are no charging stations.
Non-chargeable Semi-Electric car (Hybrid): This type of electric car uses the same combination of electric drive and IC engine drive. However, the difference is that it does not use charging stations to be recharged. In other words, the batteries in the electric car get recharged from energy obtained from the IC engine drive and use to drive the car. It is an inbuilt charging system that helps the car to alternate IC engine drive and electric drive at a click of a button. This type of electric car has a low range of coverage due to low charging and battery capacity but its low distance coverage is compensated by the IC engine drive.
How does Electric Car Work?
The electric drive is basically rotational motion created by an electric motor to drive the shaft of the mechanisms and gears moving the car. The source of the power is the electromagnetic field created in the coils of the electric motor as a result that the central coil known as the rotor will start to rotate.
The rotation of the rotor will cause the shaft to drive other components of the car drive connected to it that is the basic working principle of electric cars. The size and power of the electric motor vary from one electric car to another depending on the brand, car model, Car size, and battery size.
Factors that Define the Efficiency of Electric Cars
Energy storage capacity
The first consideration when buying an electric car is its energy storage capacity and consumption rate. These two factors define how long the battery will last in powering the electric motor which in turn defines the total distance to be covered by the car. The storage capacity of each car is based on the number of batteries and their storage capacities.
Energy conversion is the efficiency in converting at least 90% of the battery energy into the electric motor drive. The possibility of this is less mechanism and gears in the driveline, less weight, fewer electrical devices in the car, and lots more.
Full electric Car drives could eliminate most of the drive mechanisms used in internal combustion engine drive cars. This will reduce weight and increase the efficiency of the electric car. Direct transmission means direct power transmission from the electric motor to the drive mechanism in such a way that the wheels receive the direct drive from the drive shafts.
The ability of the electric car to improvise its energy in terms of using low power consuming gadgets and indicators, and all its automatic power units for doors and bonnets.
Some electric cars can have solar energy support in the form of solar cells to power gadgets and other minor electric devices. Such support will help to reduce the battery power consumption which is a great way of improving efficiency.
High Charging Capacity
Another feature that defines the efficiency of an electric car is the ability to have a high charging capacity. The car should be able to charge its battery to full range within few hours which will make it ideal for long-distance travel where there are charging stations on the way. The faster the batteries could be charged the lesser the total time spent on every journey with the car.
Miles Per Charge
Another feature that defines the efficiency of the electric car is its mile per charge. This is the total distance covered by the car after every full charging of the car batteries.