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How Washing Machine Works To Remove Dirt From Fabrics And Its Safety Tips

Washing machines

How Washing Machine Works

The use of washing machines are gradually becoming popular just as many people are beginning to gain more knowledge on the ease of its use and the benefits it offers to the user. This post will be discussing about washing machines in areas such as:

What is a Washing machine?

Why You Need a Washing Machine

How washing Machine Operates

  • Speed control
  • Water circulation
  • Solid particles removal
  • Water level control
  • Rotating units at base
  • To and Fro Motor rotation
  • Washing Timer
  • Detergent mixing Ratio

Maintenance Tips for Washing Machines

Let us go into detail on each of the above topics of a washing machine.


The washing machine is also known as a laundry machine. It is the machine used to wash clothes and fabrics. Though there are different brands of washing machines as well as different designs, they all perform the same function of keeping fabrics and clothes clean.

The washing machine can wash over one thousand pieces of clothes in less than twelve hours under proper working conditions while such a volume of cloths could take up to 5 days of manual washing. The quick-service of washing machines has made it ideal for large families, not just that, it has also become ideal for those running laundry service businesses.

Though some people have criticized washing machines for causing color fading on clothes and fabrics, it was later countered that color fading on fabrics and clothes when using a washing machine can only occur if the operator over wash the clothes or fabrics loaded in the machine and/or used color-fading detergent in the machine. So far, the washing machine has got no real rival to counter its advantages over manual washing.


Though you may not be a fan of washing machines situation may warrant that you purchase one for yourself. There are sizes of washing machines and each size has a limited capacity of load it can carry. Depending on the size of clothes you may need to be washing you can actually the size that suits your need.

So many factors can lead you to buy a washing machine, some of such factors include:

Having a large family: if you have got a family that comprises of many adults and children washing clothes, bed sheets, curtains, and other necessary fabrics could become a big task for one person. The easier way of reducing such tasks is to buy a washing machine.

Raising many children at the same time: if you have a set of growing of children, washing their dirty clothes can become tiresome such a situation can easily be handled using a washing machine. In other words, a washing machine can help to reduce the time spent on washing children’s clothes as well as provide room to do other things while washing.

Starting a laundry service business: Modern laundry service has gone beyond manual to fully automated washing using washing machines. A professional laundry man should have at least one washing machine. Though there may not be bulky pieces of clothes to wash the little being wash at every given time will allow the operator to be doing other things at the same time.

Running students’ hostel: though not common everywhere, those that have rentable dormitories and/or students hostel that is housing a good number of students can use the washing machine (s) to make the lives of the occupants easier in the area of washing clothes and other fabrics. This is important since students spend a lot of time washing their clothes.


Since some people are not comfortable of buying washing machines simply because they do not understand how it works or how to operate it, this section will be explaining to how washing machines work and how to operate anyone you find handy.

  • Speed control: Washing machines have rotatable control switches that offer speed control to their operations. The control switch helps the operator to choose whether to wash the clothes with ‘normal’ speed, ‘Slow’ speed, and ‘High’ speed. The material of the clothes will help to determine the right speed to be used in washing them. The speed used in washing stock jeans will be different from the one used in washing light home curtains.
  • Water circulation: The washing machine operates on the principle of water circulation. It produces a turbulent flow of water and uses the water force to force dirt out of fabrics and clothes. S the items soak in the water mixed with enough detergent, the machine starts turning the items with the water to and fro on a rotational axis. The effect of such action is the forceful removal of trapped dirt in the items into the water just as the foam builds up inside the machine. It is a very effective way of removing dirt from clothes and fabrics.
  • Solid particles removal: at the wall of the washing machine basin is a flexible net trapping solid particles coming out from the items being washed. This ensures that waterways in the machine are not blocked by solid particles. The net collects any solid particle such as clothes’ buttons, pins, torn pieces, pieces of paper or nylon, etc.
  • Water level control: just above the washing basin, there is a line drawn which indicates the maximum water level allowed to stay in the machine. Once the water level exceeds that line a water level control pipe will start channeling the water away through the discharge pipe. This ensures that the water level in the machine is maintained at all times.
  • Rotating units at base: at the base of the washing basin are sets of rotating plastic rollers with spotted holes that allow water flow and circulations. As the machine rotates the items in the basin, the rollers will be scrapping on the clothes surfaces to force out stubborn dirt out of the cloth. The speed of the rollers increases with the speed of the washing machine.
  • To and Fro Motor rotation: As earlier mentioned, the machine turns the items in the washing basin to and fro, this action is made possible through the powerful electric motor used to power the machine. The motor maintains to and fro rotation on electric power pass through it.
  • Washing Timer: At the unit housing the control switches there are timers that also serve as ON and OFF switches for the washing section and spinning section of the washing machine.
  • Detergent mixing Ratio: though the commonly used washing machines do not have an automatic detergent mixing ratio to mix with the water in the washing basin, some advanced types may possibly have such features. However, you are required to add a good detergent ratio to the water in the washing basin manually such that it can be able to produce foams and remove the dirt easily without needing to rewash the fabrics or clothes.


Here are some of the maintenance tips that washing machine needs:

Clean the washing machine inside and outside with soap and water after every washing operation.

Allow clean water t run through its discharge pipe to evacuate any trapped dirty water on the line.

Always allow all traces of water in the machine to flow out after every washing.

Foldup the discharge pipe and clip it at the space provided at the back of the machine after the water has stopped flowing out from it.


Do not leave washed clothes or fabrics inside the washing machine after washing.

Do not use a bleaching agent to soak clothes or fabrics inside the washing machine.

Do not wash colored clothes with white clothes in the washing machine.

Do not open the spinning section of the washing machine when it is fully in action.

Do not turn the washing machine on if clothes or fabrics have been loaded into it without water or enough water in the washing machine. Sometimes such could tear a weak cloth or fabric.

Do not use a stick or any object to press the cloth inside a washing machine while it is rotating. As a matter of fact, it is advisable to always turn the machine off before opening its washing or spinning section.


I believe this post has touched on some important areas and topics you need to know about a washing machine. Please feel free to comment and drop your experience using the comment section.

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